He laid the foundations for >the papal monarchy, and his pontificate marked a turning point in the >institutional organization of the papacy and in papal-imperial relations. Odo of Lagery (or Chatillan) was elected pope in 1088 and took the name Urban II.
At the council of Clermont Urban addressed a great crowd and urged all to go to the aid of the Greeks and to recover Palestine from the rule of the Muslims. Pope Urban II was the pope from 1088 to 1099. His reign was described as turbulent because of the schemes of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and the presence of Urban’s rival, the antipope Clement III.

He was known for his diplomatic skills and remarkable ambition.

He expanded the papal territory by force of arms and advantageous politicking, and was also a prominent patron of the arts and a reformer of Church missions.

Pope Urban's speech at the Council of Clermont in 1095 marked the beginning of the First Crusade. In 1094 or 1095, Alexios I Komnenos, the Byzantine emperor, sent to the pope, Urban II, and asked for aid from the west against the Seljuq Turks, who taken nearly all of Asia Minor from him. He pursued the reform movement started by Pope Gregory VII and the conflict with Emperor Henry IV over the appointment of church officials. Urban II, c.1042–1099, pope (1088–99), a Frenchman named Odo (or Eudes) of Lagery; successor of Victor III. Pope Urban II was born as Otto or Odo de Lagery about 1042 in France. He studied under St. Bruno, the founder of the Carthusians, and was a monk at Cluny before his appointment to the see of Ostia in 1078. He studied at Reims and became a monk at Cluny. At the time of Urban's election to the papacy, Antipope Clement III controlled Rome, and Urban did not reside there until 1093. He was also one of the ardent supporters of the Gregorian reforms.

Pope Urban II's Speech at Clermont: This is the speech that launched the crusades and changed history. Pope Urban II (1035 – 1099) was Pope and head of the Roman Catholic Church from 1088 to 1099. The role of Pope Urban II in the First Crusade was essential and critical. Four years after this speech, Jerusalem was captured by the Christians in a bloodbath that stunned the Muslim world; every inhabitant was killed. Urban II started his reign as pope in 1088 where he is recorded on the Bible Timeline with World History.

In 1096, he gave a speech exhorting Christians to go on a ‘Holy Crusade’ to regain the Holy Lands from Muslim rulers.
Promising the pardon of sins, righteous conduct and the wealth of the Holy Lands, … 1 Pope Urban II Call to the [First] Crusade (As Recorded by Robert the Monk) (1095) 1 Oh, people of Franks, people from across the mountains, people chosen and beloved by God, as shines forth in so many of your works, set apart from all nations by the location of your Pope Urban II (1042 – July 29, 1099) born Otho of Lagery (alternatively: Otto or Odo), was Pope from 1088 to July 29, 1099. He was elected pope on March 12, 1088. Urban II >Urban II (1042-1099) was pope from 1088 to 1099. Pope Urban VIII (Latin: Urbanus VIII; baptised 5 April 1568 – 29 July 1644) was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 6 August 1623 to his death in 1644. Urban II, né Otho of Lagery (or Otto or Odo) (1042 - July 29, 1099), was a pope from 1088 to July 29, 1099.He is most known for starting the First Crusade..